Ten-year-old Elison with his 2-month-old brother Jose Wesley, who was born with microcephaly, in Poco Fundo, Brazil.
By Jennifer J. Brown, PhD. Reviewed by Chad Tewell, MD
As reported on everydayhealth.com
For most people, the Zika virus causes only a brief, mild flu-like illness. But in pregnant women it has been linked to an alarming increase in the rate of the birth defect known as microcephaly— a debilitatingly small head and brain size. The clusters of birth defects linked to the Zika virus have been called an international public health emergency.
Here are the facts about the Zika virus:
1. The Zika virus is carried by mosquitoes and people, but usually spread by mosquitoes; specifically by the bite of the Aedes mosquito. The virus can also be sexually transmitted.